What is Pruritus Ani (proo-rν-tus a-nν)?
Itching around the anal area is called pruritus ani. This
condition results in a compelling urge to scratch.
What causes this to happen?
Several factors may be at fault. A common cause is excessive
moisture in the anal area. Moisture may be due to perspiration
or a small amount of residual stool around the anal area.
Pruritis ani may be a symptom of other common anal conditions
such as hemorrhoids and anal fissures. The initial condition can
be made worse by scratching, vigorous cleansing of the area or
overuse of topical treatments.
individuals pruritus ani may be caused by eating certain foods,
smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages, especially beer and
wine. Food items that have been associated with pruritus ani
Tomatoes and tomato products such as Ketchup
Pruritus Ani result from lack of cleanliness?
Cleanliness is almost never a factor. However, the natural
tendency once a person develops this itching is to wash the area
vigorously and frequently with soap and a washcloth. This almost
always makes the problem worse by damaging the skin and washing
away protective natural oils.
can be done to make this itching go away?
A careful examination by a colon and rectal surgeon or
other physician may identify a definite cause for the itching.
Your physician can recommend treatment to eliminate the specific
problem. Treatment of pruritus ani may include these three
MOISTURE in the anal area:
Apply either a few wisps of cotton, a 4 x 4 gauze or some
cornstarch powder to keep the area dry.
Avoid all medicated, perfumed and deodorant powders.
FURTHER TRAUMA to the affected area:
Do not use soap of any kind on the anal area.
Do not scrub the anal area with anything even toilet
For hygiene, it is best to rinse with warm water and pat the
area dry. Use wet toilet paper, baby wipes or a wet washcloth to
blot the area clean. Never rub.
Try not to scratch the itchy area. Scratching produces more
damage, which in turn makes the itching worse. For individuals
that experience irresistible itching at night, wearing socks on
the hands may be helpful.
USE ONLY MEDICATIONS AS DIRECTED BY YOUR PHYSICIAN.
Apply prescription medications sparingly to the skin around the
anal area and avoid rubbing. Prolonged use of prescribed or over
the counter topical medications may result in irritation or skin
dryness that can make the condition worse.
long does this treatment usually take?
Most people experience some relief from itching within a week.
If symptoms do not resolve after 6 weeks, a follow-up
appointment with your colon and rectal surgeon may be needed.